Selected pulications (chronological order):

Relationship Between Strength Parameters and Functional Performance Tests in Patients With Severe Knee Osteoarthritis.
Bily W, Sarabon N, Löfler S, Franz C, Wakolbinger R, Kern H.
PM R. 2019 Jan 4. doi: 10.1002/pmrj.12056. [Epub ahead of print]

Dermal papillae flattening of thigh skin in Conus Cauda Syndrome.
Ravara B, Hofer C, Kern H, Guidolin D, Porzionato A, Caro R, Albertin G.
Eur J Transl Myol. 2018 Dec 13;28(4):7914. doi: 10.4081/ejtm.2018.7914. eCollection 2018 Nov 2.

To Reverse Atrophy of Human Muscles in Complete SCI Lower Motor Neuron Denervation by Home-Based Functional Electrical Stimulation.
Kern H, Gargiulo P, Pond A, Albertin G, Marcante A, Carraro U.
Adv Exp Med Biol. 2018;1088:585-591. doi: 10.1007/978-981-13-1435-3_27.

Effects of Electrical Stimulation on Skeletal Muscle of Old Sedentary People.
Mosole S, Zampieri S, Furlan S, Carraro U, Löefler S, Kern H, Volpe P, Nori A.
Gerontol Geriatr Med. 2018 Apr 10;4:2333721418768998. doi: 10.1177/2333721418768998. eCollection 2018 Jan-Dec.

In complete SCI patients, long-term functional electrical stimulation of permanent denervated muscles increases epidermis thickness.
Albertin G, Hofer C, Zampieri S, Vogelauer M, Löfler S, Ravara B, Guidolin D, Fede C, Incendi D, Porzionato A, De Caro R, Baba A, Marcante A, Piccione F, Gargiulo P, Pond A, Carraro U, Kern H.
Neurol Res. 2018 Apr;40(4):277-282. doi: 10.1080/01616412.2018.1436877. Epub 2018 Feb 15.

Two years of Functional Electrical Stimulation by large surface electrodes for denervated muscles improve skin epidermis in SCI.
Albertin G, Kern H, Hofer Ch, Guidolin D, Porzionato A, Rambaldo A, De Caro R, Piccione F, Marcante A, Zampieri S.
Eur J Transl Myol 28 (1): 141-145, 2018. DOI: 10.4081/ejtm.2018.7373.

Acute effect of different concentrations of cayenne pepper cataplasm on sensory-motor functions and serum levels of inflammation-related biomarkers in healthy subjects.
Šarabon N, Löfler S, Cvecka J, Hübl W, Zampieri S.
Eur J Transl Myol 28 (1): 105-116, 2018. DOI: 10.4081/ejtm.2018.7333.

Age-Associated Loss of OPA1 in Muscle Impacts Muscle Mass, Metabolic Homeostasis, Systemic Inflammation, and Epithelial Senescence.
Tezze C, Romanello V, Desbats MA, Fadini GP, Albiero M, Favaro G, Ciciliot S, Soriano ME, Morbidoni V, Cerqua C, Loefler S, Kern H, Franceschi C, Salvioli S, Conte M, Blaauw B, Zampieri S, Salviati L, Scorrano L, Sandri M.
Cell Metab. 2017 Jun 6;25(6):1374-1389.e6. doi: 10.1016/j.cmet.2017.04.021. Epub 2017 May 25.

Atrophy, ultra-structural disorders, severe atrophy and degeneration of denervated human muscle in SCI and Aging. Implications for their recovery by Functional Electrical Stimulation, updated 2017.
Kern H, Hofer C, Loefler S, Zampieri S, Gargiulo P, Baba A, Marcante A, Piccione F, Pond A, Carraro U.
Neurol Res. 2017 Apr 13:1-7. [Epub ahead of print]

Use it or Lose It: Tonic Activity of Slow Motoneurons Promotes Their Survival and Preferentially Increases Slow Fiber-Type Groupings in Muscles of Old Lifelong Recreational Sportsmen.
Mosole S, Carraro U, Kern H, Loefler S, Zampieri S.
Eur J Transl Myol. 2016 Nov 25;26(4):5972.

Physical exercise in aging human skeletal muscle increases mitochondrial calcium uniporter expression levels and affects mitochondria dynamics.
Zampieri S, Mammucari C, Romanello V, Barberi L, Pietrangelo L, Fusella A, Mosole S, Gherardi G, Höfer C, Löfler S, Sarabon N, Cvecka J, Krenn M, Carraro U, Kern H, Protasi F, Musarò A, Sandri M, Rizzuto R.
Physiol Rep. 2016 Dec;4(24). pii: e13005.

Recovery from muscle weakness by exercise and FES: lessons from Masters, active or sedentary seniors and SCI patients.
Carraro U, Kern H, Gava P, Hofer C, Loefler S, Gargiulo P, Edmunds K, Árnadóttir ÍD, Zampieri S, Ravara B, Gava F, Nori A, Gobbo V, Masiero S, Marcante A, Baba A, Piccione F, Schils S, Pond A, Mosole S.
Aging Clin Exp Res. 2016 Sep 3. [Epub ahead of print] Review.

Severely atrophic human muscle fibers with nuclear misplacement survive many years of permanent denervation.
Carraro U, Kern H.
Eur J Transl Myol - Basic Appl Myol 2016; 26 (2): 85-89

Aerobic Exercise and Pharmacological Treatments Counteract Cachexia by Modulating Autophagy in Colon Cancer.
Eva Pigna, Emanuele Berardi, Paola Aulino, Emanuele Rizzuto, Sandra Zampieri, Ugo Carraro, Helmut Kern, Stefano Merigliano, Mario Gruppo, Mathias Mericskay, Zhenlin Li, Marco Rocchi, Rosario Barone, Filippo Macaluso, Valentina Di Felice, Sergio Adamo, Dario Coletti and Viviana Moresi
Sci Rep. 2016 May 31;6:26991.

Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS) in Patients with Pregnancy-Induced Low Back Pain and/or Pelvic Girdle Pain
M. Quittan · W. Bily · R. Crevenna · V. Fialka-Moser · W. Grestenberger · C. Hofer · P. Husslein · H. Kern · R. Kondo · C. Lampl · S. Loefler · M. Oberleitner · T. Paternostro-Sluga · M. Praschak · E.-M. Strasser · R. Wenzl · M. Wolzt
Phys Med Rehab Kuror. 2016;26:91-95

Effects of Leg-Press Training with Moderate Vibration on Muscle Strength, Pain, and Function after Total Knee Arthroplasty: A Randomized Controlled Trial.
Bily W, Franz C, Trimmel L, Loefler S, Cvecka J, Zampieri S, Kasche W, Sarabon N, Zenz P, Kern H.
Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2016 Jun;97(6):857-65.

Age-dependent uncoupling of mitochondria from Ca2+ release units in skeletal muscle
Pietrangelo L, D'Incecco A, Ainbinder A, Michelucci A, Kern H, Dirksen RT, Boncompagni S, Protasi F
Oncotarget. 2015 Nov 3;6(34):35358-71.

Comparison of twitch responses during current or voltage controlled transcutaneous neuromuscular electrical stimulation
Vargas-Luna JL, Krenn M, Loefler S, Kern H, Cortes-Ramirez JA, Mayr W.
Artif Organs. 2015 Oct;39(10):868-75.

Augmentation of Voluntary Locomotor Activity by Transcutaneous Spinal Cord Stimulation in Motor-Incomplete Spinal Cord-Injured Individuals
Hofstoetter US, Krenn M, Danner SM, Hofer C, Kern H, McKay WB, Mayr W, Minassian K.
Artif Organs. 2015 Oct;39(10):E176-86.

Functional Electrical Stimulation for Equine Muscle Hypertonicity: Histological Changes in Mitochondrial Density and Distribution
Sheila Schils, Ugo Carraro, Tracy Turner, Barbara Ravara, Valerio Gobbo, Helmut Kern, Lin Gelbmann, Jamie Pribyl
Journal of Equine Veterinary Science. 2015 Nov-Dez;35(11-12):907-16

Physical exercise in Aging: Nine weeks of leg press or electrical stimulation training in 70 years old sedentary elderly people
Sandra Zampieri, Simone Mosole, Stefan Löfler, Hannah Fruhmann, Samantha Burggraf, Ján Cvečka, Dušan Hamar, Milan Sedliak, Veronica Tirptakova, Nejc Šarabon, Winfried Mayr, Helmut Kern
Eur J Transl Myol - Basic Appl Myol 2015; 25 (4): 237-242

Physical activity in elderly
Jan Cvecka, Veronika Tirpakova, Milan Sedliak, Helmut Kern, Winfried Mayr, Dušan Hamar
Eur J Transl Myol - Basic Appl Myol 2015; 25 (4): 249-252

Biology of muscle atrophy and of its recovery by FES in aging and mobility impairments: roots and by-products
Carraro Ugo, Helmut Kern, Paolo Gava, Christian Hofer, Stefan Loefler, Paolo Gargiulo, Simone Mosole, Sandra Zampieri, Valerio Gobbo, Barbara Ravara, Francesco Piccione, Andrea Marcante, Alfonc Baba, Sheila Schils, Amber Pond, Francesco Gava
Eur J Transl Myol - Basic Appl Myol 2015; 25 (4): 221-230

Persistent muscle fiber regeneration in long term denervation Past, present, future
Ugo Carraro, Simona Boncompagni, Valerio Gobbo, Katia Rossini, Sandra Zampieri, Simone Mosole, Barbara Ravara, Alessandra Nori, Roberto Stramare, Francesco Ambrosio, Francesco Piccione, Stefano Masiero, Vincenzo Vindigni, Paolo Gargiulo, Feliciano Protasi, Helmut Kern, Amber Pond, Andrea Marcante
Eur J Transl Myol - Basic Appl Myol 2015; 25 (2): 77-92

Age-associated power decline from running, jumping & throwing male master world-records
Paolo Gava, Helmut Kern, Ugo Carraro
Exp Aging Res. 2015;41(2):115-35

A Novel Device to Preserve Physical Activities of Daily Living in Healthy Older People
Haslinger W, Müller L, Sarabon N, Raschner C, Kern H, Löfler S
J Aging Phys Act. 2015 Oct;23(4):569-79.

Assessment of a newly developed, active pneumatic-driven, sensorimotor test and training device
Haslinger W, Müller L, Mildner E, Löfler S, Kern H, Raschner C
Sensors (Basel). 2014 Dec 15;14(12):24174-87.

Autophagy impairment in muscle induces neuromuscular junction degeneration and precocious aging
Carnio S, LoVerso F, Baraibar MA, Longa E, Khan MM, Maffei M, Reischl M, Canepari M, Loefler S, Kern H, Blaauw B, Friguet B, Bottinelli R, Rudolf R, Sandri M
Cell Rep. 2014 Sep 11;8(5):1509-21. Epub 2014 Aug 28

Electrical stimulation counteracts muscle decline in seniors
Kern H, Barberi L, Löfler S, Sbardella S, Burggraf S, Fruhmann H, Carraro U, Mosole S, Sarabon N, Vogelauer M, Mayr W, Krenn M, Cvecka J, Romanello V, Pietrangelo L, Protasi F, Sandri M, Zampieri S, Musaro A
Front Aging Neurosci. 2014 Jul 24;6:189.

Long-term high-level exercise promotes muscle reinnervation with age
Mosole S, Carraro U, Kern H, Loefler S, Fruhmann H, Vogelauer M, Burggraf S, Mayr W, Krenn M, Paternostro-Sluga T, Hamar D, Cvecka J, Sedliak M, Tirpakova V, Sarabon N, Musarò A, Sandri M, Protasi F), Nori A, Pond A, Zampieri S
J Neuropathol Exp Neurol. 2014 Apr;73(4):284-94.

Lifelong Physical Exercise Delays Age-Associated Skeletal Muscle Decline
S. Zampieri, L. Pietrangelo, S. Loefler, H. Fruhmann, M. Vogelauer, S. Burggraf, A. Pond, M. Grim-Stieger, J. Cvecka, M. Sedliak, V. Tirpáková, W. Mayr, N. Sarabon, K. Rossini, L. Barberi, M. De Rossi, V. Romanello, S. Boncompagni, A. Musarò, M. Sandri, F. Protasi, U. Carraro, H. Kern
J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2015 Feb;70(2):163-73. Epub 2014 Feb 18.

Reinnervation of Vastus lateralis is increased significantly in seniors (70-years old) with a lifelong history of high-level exercise
Mosole S, Rossini K, Kern H, Löfler S, Fruhmann H, Vogelauer M, Burggraf S, Grim-Stieger M, Cvečka J, Hamar D, Sedliak M, Šarabon N, Pond A, Biral D, Carraro U, Zampieri S
Eur J of Trans Myol 23(4):205, 2013

Compliance monitoring of home based electrical stimulation training of elderly subjects
Hendling M, Krenn M, Haller MA, Loefler S, Kern H, Mayr W
Biomed Tech (Berl). 2013 Sep 7. doi:pii: /j/bmte.2013.58.issue-s1-A/bmt-2013-4006/bmt-2013-4006.xml. 10.1515/bmt-2013-4006. [Epub ahead of print]

Modification of spasticity by transcutaneous spinal cord stimulation in individuals with incomplete spinal cord injury
Hofstoetter US, McKay WB, Tansey KE, Mayr W, Kern H, Minassian K
J Spinal Cord Med. 2013 Jun 12. [Epub ahead of print]

Metric Characteristics of the Tests for Dynamic Balance Evaluation
[Metrische Eigenschaften von Tests für die Beurteilung der dynamischen Gleichgewichtsfähigkeit]
N. Sarabon, T. Zacirkovnik, J. Rosker, S. Loefler
Phys Rehab Kur Med 2013; 23(03):135-146

Elektrostimulation verhindert die altersbedingte Atrophie der Muskulatur beim Menschen
[Electrical stimulation counteracts muscle atrophy associated with aging in humans]

Kern H, Loefler S, Burggraf S, Fruhmann H, Cvecka J, Sedliak M, Barberi L, De Rossi M, Musarò A, Carraro U, Mosole S, Zampieri S
Eur J of Trans Myol 23(3):105, 2013

Strength training in elderly people improves static balance: a randomized controlled trial.
Sarabon N, Loefler S, Cvecka J, Sedliak M, Kern H
Eur J of Trans Myol 23(3):85, 2013

Reliability of novel postural sway task test.
Sedliak M, Cvečka J, Tirpáková V, Löfler S, Šarabon S, Kern H, Hamar D
Eur J of Trans Myol 23(3):81, 2013

EDITORIAL
Translational Myology for Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation: the evidence based approach
[Translational Myologie für Physikalische Medizin und Rehabilitation: Die Evidence Based Ansatz]

Helmut Kern
Eur J of Trans Myol 23(3):71, 2013

The effect of vision elimination during quiet stance tasks with different feet positions.
Sarabon N, Rosker J, Loefler S, Kern H.
Gait Posture. 2013 Apr 5. Epub ahead of print.

Reliability of Maximal Voluntary Contraction Related Parameters Measured by a Novel Portable Isometric Knee Dynamometer.
N. Sarabon, J. Rosker, H. Fruhmann, S. Burggraf, S. Loefler, H. Kern
Phys Rehab Kur Med 2013; 23(01): 22-27

FES Training in Aging: interim results show statistically significant improvements in mobility and muscle fiber size.
H Kern, S Loefler, C Hofer, M Vogelauer, S Burggraf, M Grim-Stieger, J Cvecka, D Hamar, N Sarabon, F Protasi, A Musarò, M Sandri, K Rossini, U Carraro, Sandra Zampieri
European Journal Translational Myology - Basic Applied Myology 2012; 22 (1&2): 61-67

Atrophy/hypertrophy cell signaling in muscles of young athletes trained with vibrational-proprioceptive stimulation.
Kern H, Pelosi L, Coletto L, Musarò A, Sandri M, Vogelauer M, Trimmel L, Cvecka J, Hamar D, Kovarik J, Löfler S, Sarabon N, Protasi F, Adami N, Biral D, Zampieri S, Carraro U.
Neurol Res. 2011 Dec;33(10):998-1009. abstract

Transcriptional profile of denervated vastus lateralis muscle derived from a patient 8 months after spinal cord injury: a case-report.
Mancinelli R, Kern H, Fulle S, Carraro U, Zampieri S, La Rovere R, Fanò G, Pietrangelo T.
Int J Immunopathol Pharmacol. 2011 Jul-Sep;24(3):749-59. abstract

Safe neuromuscular electrical stimulator designed for the elderly.
Krenn M, Haller M, Bijak M, Unger E, Hofer C, Kern H, Mayr W.
Artif Organs. 2011 Mar; 35(3):253-6. abstract

Sensitivity of body sway parameters during quiet standing to manipulation of support surface size
Sarabon N, Rosker J, Loefler S, Kern H
J Sport Sci Med 2010; 9:431-438

Home-based Functional Electrical Stimulation (h-bFES) rescues permanently denervated muscles in paraplegic patients with complete lower motor neuron lesion
Kern, Carraro, Adami, Biral, Hofer, Forstner, Mödlin, Vogelauer, Pond, Boncompagni, Paolini, Mayr, Protasi, Zampieri
Neurorehabil Neural Repair. 2010 Oct; 24(8):709-21. Epub 2010 May 11.

Effects of 8 weeks of vibration training at different frequencies (1 or 15 Hz) in senior sportsmen on force and force development and of 1 year of training on muscle fibers
Kern H, Kovarik J, Franz C, Vogelauer M, Löfler S, Sarabon N, Grim-Stieger M, Biral D, Adami N, Carraro U, Zampieri S, Hofer Ch
Neurol Res. 2010 Feb;32(1):26-31

One Year of Home-based Functional Electrical Stimulation (FES) in Complete Lower Motor Neuron Paraplegia: Recovery of Tetanic Contractility Drives the Structural Improvements of Denervated Muscle.
Kern H, Carraro U, Adami N, Biral D, Hofer C, Loefler S, Vogelauer M, Mayr W, Rupp R, Zampieri S.
Neurol Res. 2010 Feb;32(1):5-12

Selection of body sway parameters according to their sensitivity and repeatability
N Sarabon, H Kern, S Loefler, R Jernej
Eur J of Trans Myol - BAM (1):5-12, 2010

A Subpopulation of Rat Muscle Fibers Maintains an Assessable Excitation-Contraction Coupling Mechanism After Long-Standing Denervation Despite Lost Contractility
Squecco R, Carraro U, Kern H, Pond A, Adami N, Biral D, Vindigni V, Boncompagni S, Pietrangelo T, Bosco G, Fanò G, Marini M, Abruzzo P, Germinario E, Danieli-Betto D, Protasi F, Francini F, Zampieri S
J Neuropathol Exp Neurol. 2009 Dec;68(12):1256-68.

Severely Atrophic Muscle Fibers with Nuclear Clumps Survive Many Years in Permanently Denervated Human Muscle
Helmut Kern, Ugo Carraro, Donatella Biral, Nicoletta Adami, Sandra Zampieri
The Open Pathology Journal, 2009, 3, 106-110 (online)

Functional electrical stimulation of long-term denervated, degenerated human skeletal muscle: estimating activation using T2-parameter magnetic resonance imaging methods.
Mandl T, Meyerspeer M, Reichel M, Kern H, Hofer C, Mayr W, Moser E.
Artif Organs. 2008 Aug;32(8):604-8.

Training program and additional electric muscle stimulation for patellofemoral pain syndrome: a pilot study.
Bily W, Trimmel L, Mödlin M, Kaider A, Kern H.
Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2008 Jul;89(7):1230-6.

Effects of functional electrical stimulation in denervated thigh muscles of paraplegic patients mapped with T2 imaging.
Meyerspeer M, Mandl T, Reichel M, Mayr W, Hofer C, Kern H, Moser E.
Magn Reson Mater Phy. 2008 May;21(3):219-26. Epub 2008 Apr 19.

Stable muscle atrophy in long-term paraplegics with complete upper motor neuron lesion from 3- to 20-year SCI
Kern H, Hofer C, Mödlin M, Mayr W, Vindigni V, Zampieri S, Boncompagni S, Protasi F and Carraro U
Spinal Cord. 2008 Apr;46(4):293-304. Epub 2007 Oct 23

Atrophy-resistant fibers in permanent peripheral denervation of human skeletal muscle.
Biral D, Kern H, Adami N, Boncompagni S, Protasi F, Carraro U.
Neurol Res. 2008 Mar;30(2):137-44

Walking performance, medical outcomes and patient training in FES of denervated muscles for ambulation by thoracic-level complete paraplegics.
Graupe D, Cerrel-Bazo H, Kern H, Carraro U.
Neurol Res 2008; 30(2): 123-130.

Atrophy-resistant fibers in permanent peripheral denervation of human skeletal muscle.
Biral D, Kern H, Adami N, Bomcompagni S, Protasi Feliciano, Carraro U.
Neurol Res 2008; 30(2): 137-144.

Stable muscle atrophy in long term paraplegics with complete upper motor neuron lesion from 3- to 20-year SCI.
Kern H, Hofer C, Modlin M, Mayr W, Vindigni V, Zampieri S, Boncompagni S, Protasi F, Carraro U.
Spinal Cord 2008; 46(4): 293-304.

Translational Myology Focus on Clinical Challenges of Functional Electrical Stimulation of Denervated Muscle.
H. Kern, U. Carraro (Eds)
Basic Appl Myol 2008: 18 (2&3): 38-100.

Modification of reflex responses to lumbar posterior root stimulation by motor tasks in healthy subjects.
Hofstoetter US, Minassian K, Hofer C, Mayr W, Rattay F, Dimitrijevic MR.
Artif Organs. 2008; 32(8): 644-8.

Structural differentiation of skeletal muscle fibers in absence of innervation in humans.
Boncompagni S, Kern H, Rossini K, Hofer C, Mayr W, Carraro U, Protasi F.
Proc Natl Acad Sci USA. 2007; 104(49): 19339-19344.

Posterior root-muscle reflexes elicited by transcutaneous stimulation of the human lumbosacral cord.
Minassian K, Persy I, Rattay F, Dimitrijevic MR, Hofer C, Kern H.
Muscle & Nerve. 2007; 35(3): 327-36.

Human lumbar cord circuitries can be activated by extrinsic tonic input to generate locomotor-like activity.
Minassian K, Persy I, Rattay F, Pinter MM, Kern H, Dimitrijevic MR.
Human Movement Science. 2007; 26(2): 275-295.

Recovery of long-term denervated human muscles induced by electrical stimulation.
Kern H, Salmons S, Mayr W, Rossini K, Carraro U.
Muscle & Nerve. 2006; 31: 98-101.

Muscle biopsies show that FES of denervated muscles reverses human muscle degeneration from permanent spinal motoneuron lesion.
Kern H, Rossini K, Carraro U, Mayr W, Vogelauer M, Hoellwarth U, Hofer C.
J Rehabil Res Dev. 2005; 42(3 Suppl 1): 43-53.

In vivo assessment of conduction velocity and refractory period of denervated muscle fibers.
Hofer C, Forstner C, Modlin M, Jager H, Mayr W, Kern H.
Artif Organs. 2005; 29: 436-439.

Electrical stimulation of denervated muscles: first results of a clinical study.
Modlin M, Forstner C, Hofer C, Mayr W, Richter W, Carraro U, Protasi F, Kern H.
Artif Organs. 2005; 29: 203-206.

Motor control in the human spinal cord and the repair of cord function.
Kern H, McKay WB, Dimitrijevic MM, Dimitrijevic MR.
Curr Pharm Des. 2005; 11: 1429-1439.

Motor control in the human spinal cord.
Dimitrijevic MR, Persy I, Forstner C, Kern H, Dimitrijevic MM.
Artif Organs. 2005; 29: 216-219.

Effect of peripheral afferent and central afferent input to the human lumbar spinal cord isolated from brain control.
Minassian K, Persy I, Rattay F, Dimitrijevic MR.
Biocybernetics and Biomedical Engineering. 2005; 25: 11-29.

Long-term denervation in humans causes degeneration of both contractile and excitation-contraction coupling apparatus which is reversible by functional electrical stimulation (FES): A role for myofiber regeneration?
Kern H, Boncompagni S, Rossini K, Mayr W, Fanò G, Zanin ME, Podhorska-Okolow M, Protasi F, Carraro U.
Journal of Neuropathology & Experimental Neurology. 2004; 63: 919-931.

Stepping-like movements in humans with complete spinal cord injury induced by epidural stimulation of the lumbar cord: Electromyographic study of compound muscle action potentials.
Minassian K, Jilge B, Rattay F, Pinter MM, Binder H, Gerstenbrand F, Dimitrijevic MR.
Spinal Cord. 2004; 42: 401-416.

Initiating extension of the lower limbs in subjects with complete spinal cord injury by epidural lumbar cord stimulation.
Jilge B, Minassian K, Rattay F, Pinter MM, Gerstenbrand F, Binder H, Dimitrijevic MR.
Exp Brain Res. 2004; 154: 308-326.

Myogenesis contributes to functional electrical stimulation (fes)-induced recovery of myofiber excitability and mass of human long-term denervated muscles in spinal cord injury (SCI).
Kern H, Boncompagni S, Rossigni K, Mayr W, Protasi F, Carraro U.
J Peripher Nerv Syst. 2004, 9: 116.

Functional Electrical Stimulation (FES) of Long-Term Denervated Muscles in Humans: Clinical Observations and Laboratory Findings.
Kern H, Hofer C., Mödlin M., Forstner C., Mayr W, Richter W.
Basic Appl Myol. 2002, 12: 291-299.

Denervated muscles in humans: limitations and problems of currently used functional electrical stimulation
training protocols.

Kern H, Hofer C, Modlin M, Forstner C, Raschka-Hogler D, Mayr W, Stohr H.
Artif Organs. 2002, 26: 216-218.

A stimulator for functional activation of denervated muscles.
Hofer C, Mayr W, Stohr H, Unger E, Kern H.
Artif Organs. 2002, 26: 276-279.

main page